Alright occupiers, trick or treat,
Let’s all go to Washington, DC, and have a Halloween night party!
Let’s celebrate the wonderful Coke/Pepsi presidential election now in progress … and the honest, feisty way our elected reps in Congress have conducted our nation’s business … pay tribute to the bold visions they’ve put forward.
At dusk on October 31, let’s gather on Capitol Hill, trick or treat Congress and party like we’ve never partied before.
PS And if you cannot make it to DC then party in front of the Bank of America in your community… outside your city hall… or in the squares.
Invite your friends via the Facebook event: #HALLOWEENPARTY
We’ll be there. Will we see you there too?
#S15Published on Sep 16, 2012 by wearechange
This is some of the major events that took place during Luke Rudkowski live broadcast at the Occupy Wall Street #S15 action. Don’t forget to sign up for notifications on http://www.ustream.tv/WeAreChange in order to get email alerts to when Luke is going live. You can also follow him onhttp://www.twitter.com/LukeWeAreChange to get the live video notifications, photos and updates from the actions in NYC.
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After many months of tireless preparation, it is invigorating to be able to say that our #S17 anniversary weekend is finally here!
The http://s17nyc.org/ website will contain all of the who’s, what’s where’s, why’s and when’s; text @S17NYC to 23559 for real time updates, and below we did our best to organize and synthesize the litany of actions and events that are in store.
Whether it is an educational event at Occupy Town Square on Saturday or a celebratory action in tandem with the big Occupy Wall Street concert on Sunday, all these efforts collectively exhibit how All Roads Lead to Wall Street. From Sunday night’s Occupy Rosh Hashanah service to thedirect actions and popular assemblies on September 17th, we will ring in the new year in style.
Indeed, Wall Street is our common villain who is robbing the 99% blind on behalf of the 1%. This weekend we will mark the occasion of our anniversary by once again showing the powers that be that we see what they are doing, and that soon enough the whole world will again as well.
You can also Donate to Support S17: The Action Resource Fund helps Occupy Wall Street working and affinity groups get the resources they need to do the things they want on big days of action. Please donate if you can!
— from the ‘Your Inbox: Occupied’ team
(See here for even more resources and calls-to-action related to the one-year anniversary of #OWS - OccupyWallSt.org team)
OWS Anniversary Convergence Weekend
Saturday, 10:30am - 7pm
Washington Square Park
Join us for a special all-day Occupy Town Square for S17, with OWS tables, performances, and teach-ins.
10:30 am-12:30pm – Welcome and Orientation Activities, Lunch including S17 Action Prep & Legal Solidarity training.
Noon: Facilitation meeting for Thematic Assembles
12:30pm-4pm – Inaugural Assembly and Thematic Breakout Groups Some of the thematic assemblies already planned:
4pm-6:30pm – Open Space for teach-ins, workshops, performances any other type of activity. Please fill out the convergence form to let us know you are coming. This information will help us in our preparations.
4pm-6:30pm – Direct Action and Know Your Rights Trainings
Organizers and trainers from the Direct Action Working Group (in New York City and other occupations) will assist in skill-shares and knowledge-shares about activism in New York City and involvement in direct actions. This space will also be open for Know Your Rights trainings specific to New York City, and will also include Plus Brigades training. Check out the full training schedule for the weekend. Attending these trainings is highly recommended for everyone who plans to participate in any aspect of S17.
6:30pm-7pm – Closing Assembly
The day will close with a few words about various events happening throughout the city on Saturday evening. OTS will leave an open space for spontaneous assemblies or soapboxes.
The Debt Resistors’ Operations Manual
Judson Memorial Church, Washington Park South
The Debt Resistors’ Operations Manual, a project of Strike Debt and Occupy Wall Street, is a guide for individual and collective action for those fighting debt in all of its forms. Following its release, Strike Debt will host a discussion about the manual and its role in the emerging debt resistance movement.
S17 Affinity Group Spokescouncil
Washington Square Park
Learn about the action framework for S17, choose targets, and make friends.
Affinity Group Actions and Solidarity Events
March to End Suppression of OWS
Washington Square Park
Join us as we take to the streets to raise to raise awareness of the continued suppression of Non-Violent activists and the Occupy Movement. The march ends at Liberty Park.
Occupy: The Film Festival
Saturday, 6pm & 8:30pm
Anthology Film Archives 32 Second Avenue, New York, NY 10003
Occupy The Film Festival is feature a full weekend of first anniversary festivities, including prominent guest speakers, interactive screenings, an Occupy fashion show, an Occupy photography exhibit by award-winning artists, and guerrilla projections. Continues on Sunday.
We are Many: Reflections on Movement Strategy from Occupation to Liberation
Bluestockings Bookstore, 172 Allen Street
Just days before the one-year anniversary of the action that launched a nascent social movement, the occupation of Wall Street and the encampment at Zuccotti Square, join us for an evening of discussion around the past, present, and possible future of the Occupy movement.
Building the Tools of Consensus
7pm, Liberty Park
Exercise your right to peaceably assemble through what micro-local, democratic participation looks like with #NYCGA, a public assembly for and by the people.
Spectra Frack Pipeline Blast Zone March with the Occupy Guitarmy
Spectra Energy Pipeline Construction Site (Gansevoort Street and Hudson River Greenway)
The Occupy Guitarmy is a leaderless brigade of hundreds of instrumentalists and singers assembled with guitars, ukuleles, cellos, violins, basses, noisemakers and voices. The Guitarmy will team up with Occupy the Pipeline, environmentalists and local community members to stage a parade starting at projected blast perimeter of the Spectra Energy fracked gas pipeline currently under construction in the West Village. Connecting the dots between dirty, dangerous fossil fuels and Wall Street, the parade will end at Foley Square, where the Guitarmy will kick off the OWS “99 Revolutions” concert.
Legal Solidarity Training and S17 Action Prep
We will practice role plays of the actions planned for S17, build groups of trusted friends and associates to work with (‘affinity groups’), and how to make quick decisions on the street. We will also go through a legal Know Your Rights training, which will cover the particulars of the police and legal situation in New York City. Attending these trainings is highly recommended for everyone who plans to participate in any aspect of S17.
Saturday, noon: MASS ACTION SPOKES to coordinate for Monday’s actions
Occupy Town Square Open Space
Sunday, noon - 7pm
Thomas Paine Park on Worth St. between Lafayette and Centre.
Just North of the concert area, OTS will create space for tables, food, teach-ins, workshops, performances, trainings, and political discussions throughout the day in the park adjacent to the concert space. If you would like to give a teach-in or workshop, put on a performance or host any other type of activity, please fill out the convergence form to let us know you are coming.
Occupy Wall Street Anniversary Concert
Sunday, 1pm - 6pm
Foley Square, south of Thomas Paine on Worth St. between Lafayette and Centre.
Occupy Wall Street will host a concert which will include a variety of acts. It will include several headline bands, interactive performances by OWS and allied campaigns and creative Direct Action trainings to prepare the 99% for Monday’s day of resistance.
Occupy Rosh Hashanah
Celebrate the one year anniversary of Occupy Wall Street (which falls on Rosh Hashanah, September 17) and the Jewish New Year together with a potluck dinner and nondenominational holiday service. Eat some apples and honey, learn some Occupy Torah, and ring in the New Year with a bang!
Affinity Group Actions and Solidarity Events
Occupy: The Film Festival
Anthology Film Archives 32 Second Avenue, New York, NY 10003
see previous description on Saturday
Occupy the Big Screen at Times Square
Trinity Church (79 Broadway) to Times Square
March from Occupy Trinity on Wall Street down Broadway to Times Square. We leave at 10pm, then, at midnight on September 16th, as it becomes September 17th, we take over the big screen with our birthday party!
The People’s Wall
The streets surrounding the New York Stock Exchange
As part of the morning of actions, people from all walks of life are going to assemble in the streets surrounding the New York Stock Exchange in a historic act of nonviolent civil disobedience. We will form a peaceful sitting wall to deliver a clear message: The 99% will no longer stand for business as usual. In building this blockade, we will — symbolically and literally — open space for the 99 Revolutions to emerge, and set the stage for the Storm Wall Street convergence. These actions work together, as essential parts of a greater whole.
Intersections throughout the Financial District
Problem: All Roads lead to Wall Street. Solution: Reverse the Flow of Traffic. The 99 Revolutions will disrupt traffic throughout the Financial District by creating a swirl of roving intersection occupations surrounding the Stock Exchange. Each occupation will enact a World Without Wall Street as envisioned by members of the 99%.
Storm Wall Street
In front of the doors of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court, at Bowling Green
At the site from which Occupy Wall Street first arose, we are calling for an end to the corporate occupation of the planet and demonstrating that a just and sustainable world is possible. As the 99% circle New York’s first public park, our groundswell will remind the 1% of their growing debts to Mother Earth and that the Commons belong to us all.
Affinity Group Assembly Points:
An affinity group is a small group of people (typically 5-15), who trust one another and organize around a shared political or tactical goal. Attend any one of the affinity group trainings over the weekend to join an affinity group or learn how yours can take part in the 7am Monday morning actions. Follow the links below for location info:
Afternoon Assemblies and Actions
The 99% Return to Wall Street
Join us to show that the 99% stands united against a corrupted system. This assembly will bring together Union workers, Union Leadership, Economics Experts and Occupiers to let our voices be heard once more.
What are your 99 Solutions?
Liberty Square if possible, Foley Square if necessary
All roads lead to Wall Street, but the road past Wall Street into the future is the one we must pave together. Join Occupy Wall Street for lunch, discussion, and a rocking good time as we seek to be the change we want to see in the world – and help us make it together.
The Popular Assembly
Liberty Square if possible, Foley Square if necessary
The intention of this assembly is to provide the People with a non-oppressive, non-hierarchical and non-confrontational space to discuss issues and projects relevant to envisioning a better world. This is will be the first in a series of weekly Popular Assemblies, which will be a place for project, action, affinity and other groups (like Occupy the Pipeline, Stop Stop and Frisk, Sunset Park Rent Strike, Strike Debt, Chicago Teachers Strike solidarity and others) from all over to come together each week in a space where they can discuss, recruit and share resources.
NYC Affinity Group events
Seward Park, Broadway and Canal Street:
What better way to start September 17th then by joining the OWS Bike Coalition for a free breakfast and an early morning ride around beautiful downtown Manhattan!
The People’s Puppets: Roving Occupy Birthday Bash!
Ferry Terminal and all over the Financial District
Come and celebrate the anniversary with a puppet party procession parade through the Financial District offering music, cake, and literature to the 99%!
Join us for a full day of Outreach, Movement Building, Mobilizations, Consciousness Raising, Organizing, Speak Outs, Fun, Community & LOVE! Incl. Fannie Lou Hamer Memorial Assembly
About a dozen protesters including war veterans Scott Olsen and Joshua Shepherd took over the Obama campaign headquarters in downtown Oakland to demand justice for Bradley Manning, the Army private accused of leaking state secrets to WikiLeaks.
Pussy Riot trial in Moscow erupts in chaos
August 05, 2012
The central Khamovniki court in Moscow erupted in chaos Friday when defense witnesses for Pussy Riot – the three feminist punk rockers charged in what many consider a political show trial – were denied the opportunity to testify on the musicians’ behalf.
After the prosecution read a statement from their absent last witness (the senior priest at Moscow’s Christ the Savior Cathedral), the Pussy Riot defense team demanded that Judge Marina Syrova order guards to let in their witnesses, who have been kept out of the building. Syrova repeatedly ignored motions for witness testimonies. A huge barking Rottweiler kept in the courtroom, and three men in balaclavas outside yelling “Free Pussy Riot,” escalated the mayhem.
Two of the girls’ college professors and a friend were allowed to testify on the defendants’ character. One noted that bandmember Maria Alyokhina, 24, is a poet who volunteers at a hospital run by a Christian Orthodox organization. Yekaterina Samutsevich, 29, was characterized as a good student. A witness who was supposed to testify on the character of Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, 22, could not be found.
The prosecution questioned four other witnesses this week, including two women who cleaned the Bogoyavlensky Cathedral, where part of the video was filmed; a real estate agent who saw the video online and believes Pussy Riot declared war on God, Christianity and the government; and Samutsevich’s father, who called the arrest and trial absurd.
Syrova pushed some sessions this week up to 12 hours, which is a sign that the authorities want to close the case as soon as possible, according to Polozov. The longer the trial lasts, the more controversy it appears to be gathering.
On Thursday the Russian law association published an open letter, signed by 35 prominent lawyers, declaring that the Pussy Riot cathedral performance was no crime. President Vladimir Putin told journalists in London Thursday that although he believes there is nothing good about what the women have done, they should not be punished too severely.
But such statements have had no effect on the trial, Polozov said. “This isn’t a trial – it’s total chaos,” he said.
Police in Spain take off their riot helmets and refuse to fight with protesters.
The Top 10 Films that Explain Why the Occupy Movement (and other social movements fighting against the current socio-economic status quo) Exists
July 18, 2012 - for your summer viewing, play them in the background while you’re blogging.
When in doubt, go to the primary source. Released just a week ago, Scott Noble, who also produced Lifting the Veil, pulls together a combination of internet and original footage to create the first feature-length documentary on Occupy Wall St, telling the story and motivation behind the movement in its own words. It is a treatise to the beautiful awakening of human heart and hope that has arisen in the American people, capturing the imagination and dreams of a new generation’s struggle to create a better world.
”Rise like Lions after slumber
In unvanquishable number -
Shake your chains to earth like dew
Which in sleep had fallen on you -
Ye are many - they are few.’
- Percy Bysshe Shelley
2. Lifting the Veil: Obama and the Failure of Capitalist Democracy (2011)
“This film explores the historical role of the Democratic Party as the “graveyard of social movements”, the massive influence of corporate finance in elections, the absurd disparities of wealth in the United States, the continuity and escalation of neocon policies under Obama, the insufficiency of mere voting as a path to reform, and differing conceptions of democracy itself.”
Lifting the Veil is a significant achievement - offering a definitive critique of the Obama administration from a reality-based perspective (Ie, a critique not based on propaganda and spin). It thoroughly deconstructs the hypocrisy of U.S. politics, democracy, capitalism and other aspects of the American brand. This film promotes no illusions, examining our present state of affairs under Obama with eyes wide open. At once disillusioning, the film inspires and offers a great message of hope in it’s evocative finale and excellent choice of music. It also points to the most immediate alternative for building a new, directly democratic and liberated world within the shell of the old (workplace democracy). For OWS, the film exemplifies the movement’s bi-partisan critique of the status quo, its deep rejection of surface-level reforms or solutions, and the deep insight that comes from waking up to the way the world really is.
3. Capitalism: A Love Story (2009)
”Michael Moore’s Capitalism: A Love Story comes home to the issue he’s been examining throughout his career: the disastrous impact of corporate dominance on the everyday lives of Americans (and by default, the rest of the world). But this time the culprit is much bigger than General Motors, and the crime scene far wider than Flint, Michigan. From Middle America, to the halls of power in Washington, to the global financial epicenter in Manhattan, Michael Moore will once again take film goers into uncharted territory. With both humor and outrage, Michael Moore’s Capitalism: A Love Story explores a taboo question: What is the price that America pays for its love of capitalism?”
While Inside Job takes a more impersonal and conservative overview of the financial collapse, Michael Moore brings it in close to examine many of the personal stories of the financial fallout - the human, emotional side of the story. While many people have a prejudice against Moore, and this might limit the film’s potential reach, this is undoubtedly his best film yet, and brilliant on its own terms, regardless. Surprise and disgust, sadness, anger and empathy are mixed in equally with humor, insight, and inspiring examples of potential solutions that are being implemented now. Watching this post-OWS is rather surreal - direct mentions of the 99% vs the 1%, activists occupying foreclosed homes and workers taking control of their factories until their demands for just remuneration are met - it couldn’t sum up the story that led to OWS more perfectly.
4. Inside Job (2010) (link fixed)
“2010 Oscar Winner for Best Documentary, ‘Inside Job’ provides a comprehensive analysis of the global financial crisis of 2008, which at a cost over $20 trillion, caused millions of people to lose their jobs and homes in the worst recession since the Great Depression, and nearly resulted in a global financial collapse. Through exhaustive research and extensive interviews with key financial insiders, politicians, journalists, and academics, the film traces the rise of a rogue industry which has corrupted politics, regulation, and academia. It was made on location in the United States, Iceland, England, France, Singapore, and China.”
Although it’s the narrowest in scope, Inside Job goes deep into the criminal corruption, policies, and culture that caused the financial crisis, which is most commonly understood to be the premise of OWS. Examining the period of Wall St. deregulation that started in 1980 and then closely looking at the housing bubble and crash of 2008, Inside Job builds up the facts and detailed analysis of this single event, which provides documentation and support for why so many Americans are rightly pissed off and now taking to the streets en masse. For this reason, Inside Job is likely the best introduction to the subject, and builds the foundation upon which more radical conclusions about our economic system can be drawn.
5. The Secret of Oz (2010)
“What’s going on with the world’s economy? Foreclosures are everywhere, unemployment is skyrocketing - and this may only be the beginning. Could it be that solutions to the world’s economic problems could have been embedded in the most beloved children’s story of all time, “The Wonderful Wizard of Oz”? The yellow brick road (the gold standard), the emerald city of Oz (greenback money), even Dorothy’s silver slippers (changed to ruby slippers for the movie version) were powerful symbols of author L. Frank Baum’s belief that the people - not the big banks — should control the quantity of a nation’s money.”
Second to Moving Forward, Secret of Oz goes the deepest into the systemic unsustainability of our fractional-reserve monetary system. Examining the historic fight against central banks over the centuries (it was the prime cause of the American Revolution) and how these banks actually destabilize markets and enslave whole nations in debt, we learn how the Federal Reserve and other private banks today represent the greatest affront to our national sovereignty. As long as we allow private banks to create money out of nothing (and loan money to our government at interest), the central banks will always have the power to undo whatever gains we make politically or economically. The film makers do not advocate a return to a gold-based standard. Their two-step solution is quite simple, and if enacted, gives us the greatest prospects for a sustainable future.
6. (Tie) Golden Rule: The Investment Theory of Politics (2009) - I’m watching this one right now!
“The definitive documentary explaining the influence of money on politics by Jonathan Shockley. The film is based on Thomas Ferguson’s book Golden Rule: The Investment Theory of Party Competition and the Logic of Money-Driven Political Systems.
Golden Rule does an excellent job of exposing several myths behind the terms free market, capitalism, socialism, and democracy. For instance, since the “golden age of capitalism” in the 1950s, productivity has more than doubled, and yet wages have stayed the same and most people are working more hours, not less. At the same time, all of our productivity gains have gone to the owners of capital (the 1%). If capitalist markets benefited all people and not just the top 1% then most Americans today would be able to support a family on one income and work only half the year. Most people would agree that more leisure time and a middle-class standard of living would be progress, yet capitalist markets prevent this. Labor must keep working harder and harder to compete against other firms or else they’ll be out-competed, meanwhile the full value of their work is robbed to create “profit” for the owners. True free markets do not require coercion, and our capitalist system has always relied on the state’s use of force to maintain the wealth and power inequalities between labor and capital.
Another example 60 minutes in: both America and Stalin’s Russia has called his regime a socialist system, but for different reasons. America called Stalin’s dictatorship a socialist system because it wanted to defame and demonize socialism. Stalin called his government socialist because that was a popular and celebrated term in Europe, despite totalitarian control having nothing to do with true, democratic socialism. In truth, as Noam Chomsky points out, the people of Russia had no control over the means of production and were essentially slaves. It would be the same as if Stalin came to power in America, created a fascist police state, used coercive force to protect criminal banks, evict people unjustly from their homes, suppress protest and break up unions, then lavished massive subsidies on big companies, gave tax breaks to the rich and allowed many corporations like GE to pay nothing in taxes, and then proudly called this a free-market system. This is the hypocrisy of our own country, which is victimized by our own form of propaganda as profound as the propaganda of Stalin’s Russia or communist China.
7. The Corporation (2003)
“The Corporation is today’s dominant institution, creating great wealth but also great harm. This 26 award-winning documentary examines the nature, evolution, impacts and future of the modern business corporation and the increasing role it plays in society and our everyday lives.”Beyond Wall St and beyond the financial collapse is a problem much deeper than traditional left/right discussions about the proper amount of government regulation of markets. Deeper than that is the basic nature and laws that govern what a corporation is. Since 1886, corporations have been considered people under the law, conferring them the same rights as breathing, flesh and blood humans. These rights (as the film documents) give enormous power to corporations, making them far more powerful than many countries. Most people woke up to this problem with Citizens United, when the Supreme court decided money equals speech, and thus corporations have a 1st amendment right to spend unlimited amounts of cash on democratic elections.While corporations have dominated society for over 100 years, this last transparent power-grab was obviously too much for most people to handle. The silver lining of this move was that it has prompted a strong national push-back from groups like Move to Amend and others, which are calling for a constitutional amendment to revoke corporate personhood. This has been one of the most popular demands of OWS from early on, and yeah, I’m not surprised the media isn’t repeating this one.
8. Zeitgeist: Moving Forward (2011)
“Moving Forward presents the case for a needed transition out of the current socioeconomic monetary paradigm which governs the entire world society. The film aims to filter out issues of cultural relativism and traditional ideology so that we can examine the core, empirical life ground attributes of human and social survival, extrapolating those immutable natural laws to propose a new sustainable social paradigm called a Resource-Based Economy.”
Of special interest to OWS is the middle section of the film, which critiques the fundamental problems inherent in our monetary/market-based system, and which offers one of the deepest analyses of the big picture perspective on the global crisis yet seen. It also proposes a logical alternative to the monetary paradigm, if we were to rethink how our system works from the ground up. The film asks: what would a true civilization look like - a world without war, hierarchy, or poverty? Would competition really be the driving force of a civilized society, or would it be cooperation?“John Pilger travels to many third world countries to investigate the devastating results of loans from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF). This film shows how many wars today are not carried out at the barrel of a gun, but by the monetary policies of global banking institutions. Instead of bombs, it has been discovered that debt is a far more powerful weapon to control and maintain the power of global economic interests. It turns out that the “structural-adjustment” policies of neo-liberal economics are even more deadly than nerve gas and many other weapons of war. This documentary backs up many of the claims made by John Perkins, author of Confessions of an Economic Hit Man.”
All of John Pilger’s films are excellent and worth watching. The oldest pick in this list explores some of the older history of our economic policies to reveal some truly paradigm-disturbing insights. The film highlights the fact that the problems addressed by OWS are not new by any measure, but are rooted deeply in a global system which has, as a matter of policy and design, consistently robbed the third world to enrich the first. This is a hard truth to accept, but Pilger backs up his claims with world-class journalism and professionalism.
10. The Yes Men Fix The World (2009) (link fixed)
“The Yes Men Fix the World is a screwball true story about two gonzo political activists who, posing as top executives of giant corporations, lie their way into big business conferences and pull off the world’s most outrageous pranks.”
This film provides the most comical look at the culture of greed that pervades the corporate world. It also critiques the conventional wisdom of trickle-down economics. Keeping the tone lighthearted and quite funny throughout, this is a great film to introduce the subject with.
MADRID — Tens of thousands of Spaniards joined coal miners who marched with their helmet lamps shining in the dark Wednesday in a protest at industry subsidy cuts that they say threaten their communities.
Some 400 miners in white hard hats and blue overalls were joined by a multitude of ordinary citizens, also angered by the economic cuts the government has made in response to the financial and economic crisis.
"Miners, stick it out, Spain is rising up!" they chanted, to the sound of drums and the boom of high-powered fireworks as the miners edged along the broad avenues, swamped by the crowd of sympathisers.
Weeks of protests by miners in the north have boiled over into violent clashes with police, but the march dispersed peacefully early Wednesday after meeting more crowds on the central Puerta del Sol square in the middle of the night.
"We are all miners," read one banner hoisted as the miners’ cortege weaved through the crowd amid deafening cheers.
"We didn’t expect such a big welcome, much less," said Roberto Quintas, 50, a miner of 22 years, who along with hundreds of others had hiked hundreds of miles from the north in protest.
"The fact people are coming into the street and mobilising is a good sign," added Quintas, tired after marching from the far northern town of Villablino near Leon.
The miners planned a second Madrid demonstration later on Wednesday morning, which unions hoped would draw at least 25,000 people.
They are protesting the government’s decision to slash coal industry subsidies this year to 111 million euros ($142 million) from 301 million euros last year, which they say threatens 30,000 jobs directly and indirectly.
Unions say the cuts will destroy coal mining, which relies on state aid to compete with cheaper imports.
"The fight is for something just, we are just coming to claim what is ours," said Manuel Cinoceda, a 55-year-old miner from the Aragon region who took early retirement, as his group entered Madrid on Tuesday.
The entry into Madrid after a two-week journey on foot of more than 400 kilometres (250 miles) was hailed by car drivers beeping their horns and some fire engines sounding their sirens.
"Except for a few towns, we have been very warmly welcomed almost everywhere," said Antonio Risco, 52, who joined the Aragon marchers after leaving the Cordoban mining region of Guadiato de Penarroya.
"We have to make this government realise that the mining regions have to survive and coal, too, because it is a native energy, which comes from the country and is cheap," said Risco, who retired after 22 years’ work.
Spanish coal’s state subsidies are due to be eliminated by 2018 under European Union agreements.
Spain’s mines have been gradually closing over the past 20 years. Only around 40 are still active, mostly in the north, and they employ about 8,000 miners as well as sustaining other jobs indirectly.
Many towns rely on them, said Francisco Martin, a 35-year-old miner from the northern town of Arino.
"If they close this, there is nothing. They have had many years to re-industrialise but they have done nothing. If they close the mine, they throw us out and where are we going to go?"
Their protests in the north, with miners firing rockets and police responding with rubber bullets, have been the most volatile in months of demonstrations in various sectors across Spain against the cuts
Under pressure from financial markets and its European neighbours to stabilise Spain’s public finances, the conservative government has announced deep spending cuts.
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy was expected to announce more such measures in an address to parliament scheduled on Wednesday morning.
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